In Rome at the discovery of Villa Borghese. Strolls, art galleries and curiosities.
In Rome, there are many green patches between monuments and antiquities. Here, we are recommending the discovery of the most famous one: Villa Borghese. It is a space that extends to the northeast of the city. It can be seen as a world within the Capital, with beautiful parks and marvelous museums with one of the most beautiful galleries in Italy: the Galleria Borghese, where you can admire masterpieces like Lorenzo Bernini’s Daphne.
A brief annotation. The term villa comes from the Latin word that meant, “A country house immersed in a farm”, including both the green spaces and the architectural buildings. In this case, in fact, when speaking of Villa Borghese, one means the entire complex of parks and buildings.
The park. The powerful aristocratic family Borghese owned this area as early as 1500, rising on the ancient gardens of Lucullus. It was the most famous person of the family that made this space unique and precious, Cardinal Scipione Borghese. He was the patron of artists such as Caravaggio and, above all, of Gianlorenzo Bernini, whose talent the first was an undisputed admirer. The villa was completed in 1633. Over the course of the centuries it was enriched with various buildings including the “noble casino” now home of the Galleria Borghese. Furthermore, following the fashion of the time, the large green space with baroque taste was built with hidden perspectives and niches where to rest, amidst water games and various curiosities. To access the park and the museum buildings there are nine entrances, the most comfortable ones are those from the Pincio ramps, the monumental entrance at Piazzale Flaminio and the most impressive one from the Trinità dei Monti staircase.
Gallery of the Villa Borghese. A marvelous museum where you can admire the art collections that, over the centuries, the Borghese family has collected by always being patrons of artists. Amongst the masterpieces, one can find Apollo and Daphne by Bernini. The sculptor expresses all his skill in modeling and bringing out the movement and the feelings of terror of the young woman who is being transformed into a tree. Amongst the most admired statues is the Victorious Venus by Antonio Canova. Venus is Paolina Bonaparte Borghese, the most loved and beautiful of Napoleon‘s sisters, married to Prince Camillo Borghese. Paolina’s beauty, bare-breasted in a pose that highlights her attractiveness, calls visitors and, of course, for its time it had been the source of a great scandal for the, never hidden, identification between the princess and the goddess of beauty. Countless are the masterpieces, impossible to mention them all. To name a few, we have Caravaggio’s David against Goliath, and San Giovanni, or Titian’s incredible Amor Sacro amor profano (Sacred and Profane Love), or Raphael with works such as the Deposition of Christ.
It really is rather difficult to list all the great artists with their works, which are amongst the most famous in the world.
Villa Medici. It is the prestigious seat of the French Academy in Rome. Since its origin, it has been a great and important center for the arts, so much so that some of the most famous French artists, who won the Rome prize, have stayed in the Capital, guests of the Academy.
The Galleria nazionale d’arte moderna e contemporanea (National Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art). It has the largest collection of works of art of the nineteenth and twentieth century in Italy. Its construction dates back to 1911 for the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Unification of Italy. Here one can retrace the history of Italian art of the nineteenth and twentieth century. Here are some suggestions among the countless rooms. The one dedicated to Italian nineteenth-century painters such as Giovanni Boldini and Giuseppe De Nittis, and paintings by all the most important French impressionists such as Monet, Degas and works by Van Gogh and Cezanne. One must visit the Macchiaioli Hall, the artistic current that had its origin in Florence, and which was inspired by the search for light and painting en plein air, there are painters such as Giovanni Fattori and Telemaco Signorini who outlined the history of Italian art at the end of the Nineteenth Century. Other rooms are dedicated to movements and artists that characterized the period in object, until the Twentieth Century with works by Balla, Boccioni and divisionists such as Segantini.
The Gallery displays a considerable number of works of art and one can recommend, amongst many, the famous The Three Ages of the Woman by Gustav Klimt, done in 1905, it illuminates the room with the typical golden reflections and the bright colors, like a absolute masterpiece.
The Meridiana. A very suggestive place inside the Villa Borghese is the so-called Meridiana, created as door to a secret garden. The passion for attractions and curiosities typical of the period can be seen, for example, in the various Neoclassical Temples, or between the fake Gothic ruins of the nineteenth century, the Chinese pagoda, the bridges that recall exotic landscapes and the numerous artistic fountains in almost the entire extension of the immense park.
The paths of the Villa are endless, the discovery of one of the most enchanting places in Rome is essential, especially in this spring period, when the days become pleasant, and the sun of Rome invites to a beautiful day spent amongst gardens and beauties art.